It was an act of vast historical portent. [6:05] The basic history of Theodosius II, the builder of the Walls of Constantinople. —. In addition to the mysterious Greek Fire (we still don’t know exactly how they made it), they had an early form of air conditioning, hydraulic powered doors, and ‘automatons’- powered statues of lions and birds that could roar or sing at the touch of a lever. Of course modern Istanbul outgrew the surrounding walls and fell into disrepair but there has been an ongoing restoration programme since the 1980s. Surviving numerous fire attacks, the walls were eventually brought down by more modern tools of warfare, but, thankfully, classical culture survived. Here are Top 5 amazing ancient walls around the world still standing today. The Walls of Constantinople are a succession of walls that have bordered and safeguarded the city of Constantinople (Modern day Istanbul) since it was founded as the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire by Constantine the Great. Walls of Constantinople. During the whole existence of the Byzantine Empire, the garrison of the city was quite small: the imperial guards and the small city watch (the pedatoura or kerketon) under the urban prefectwere the only permanent armed force available. The Roman empire had already been divided and many of its fortified cities destroyed by the time the city of Constantinople was in any serious danger from outside forces. [19:49] How the walls of Constantinople shaped the history of the city. For almost 1,000 years that wall of Constantinople defended Western Christendom-only to be compromised by Crusaders and finally breached by Turkish cannons. To enter, simply be a newsletter subscriber and leave a comment on this blog post, [bctt tweet=”When the capital of #Rome moved to #Constantinople, defensive measures had to be taken @Patrick_Wyman” username=””], [bctt tweet=”The Walls of #Constantinople enabled the city to endure long after the #Roman empire was fading @Patrick_Wyman” username=””], Your email address will not be published. On a larger scale, giant wall fences have also been erected by rulers in the past to protect cities or even countries. For many years the city of Rome was the jewel of the empire, but as the eastern portion of the empire became more and more powerful and influential, it became clear that the center of commerce and culture had moved east. Any threat to the city would have to be dealt with by the field armies in the provinces, before it could approach the city itself. ... he secured and fortified areas around Constantinople to cut supplies to the city. This was a fun conversation where we got to talk not only about the walls themselves but also the history surrounding why they became necessary, which world powers have made attempts to destroy them by laying siege to the city, and what finally happened to the walls through the course of time. The Walls of Constantinople are a series of stone walls that have surrounded and protected the city of Constantinople since its founding as the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire by Constantine the Great. The world owes much of its cultural legacy to Constantinople’s walls. The Garrisons of the city, the walls, built from limestone and brick are walls of Constantinople are stone walls juxtaposed to protect the city of Constantinople, today known as Instanbul. If you have already logged into ted.com click Log In to verify your authentication. Patrick Wyman is a historian and podcaster I hold in great regard and I’ve invited him on the show today to discuss the history and prominence of the great Walls of Constantinople and the role they’ve played in the history of the city of Constantinople, now modern day Istanbul. In the subsequent years, the urban area rather thrived as … There is little historical record as to what happened to the walls, but my guest on this episode, Patrick Wyman believes the city simply outgrew the walls, their usefulness became less important, and they had to be removed. Get facts about Classical Latin here. The wall was built in 412-414, surrounded an area of 12 km², was 12 m high, and had 96 towers that were about 18 m tall. In the 15th century, Constantinople’s walls were widely recognized as the most formidable in all of Europe. To that end, the first batch of land walls had their origins back in 6th century BC, when the settlement was founded by Greeks from the Dorian city of Megara and was known as Byzantium. Destroy their wonder To the north is their extensive harbor, and to the east west are their allies Marcianopolis (green) and Philipopolis(red). It is part of the historic area of the city, to preserve and protect1. Begin a siege on their outer walls 3. Facts about Constantinople 10: the strategic position. Only students who are 13 years of age or older can save work on TED-Ed Lessons. Meanwhile, his huge land army of 100,000 men was on the march, moving through Thrace and camping before the city’s 14 miles of walls. There is a bit of mystery concerning what eventually happened to cause the mighty walls of Constantinople to diminish to the rubble they are today. Get a free audiobook and a 30-day free trial of Audible at. What was left of the old Byzantine empire was absorbed into Ottoman territory following the conquest of Mistra in 1460 CE and Trebizond in 1461 CE. During 324–336 the city was thoroughly rebuilt and inaugurated on 11 May 330 under the name of "Second Rome". B2 H-INT city moat constantinople constantine roman wall 【TED-Ed】The city of walls: Constantinople - Lars Brownworth 7577 105. It is part of the historic area of the city, to preserve and protect1. Istanbul city walls are defensive stone walls that surrounded and protected the old city of Constantinople. The city was perceived to be of little importance despite the fact that its inhabitants were relatively wealthy. Section of the walls of Constantinople: Anthemius' wall, Cyrus' wall, battlements, and moat. An excellent map of Constantinople at the time of its conquest by the Ottomans in 1453 (source unknown) Emperor Constantine built walls to protect the city, but new housing developments outside them and the growing threat of the Goths and the Huns made them obsolete. Istanbul - Istanbul - Constantinople: Within three weeks of his victory, the foundation rites of New Rome were performed, and the much-enlarged city was officially inaugurated on May 11, 330. [9:04] How the capital of Rome moved from the city of Rome to Constantinople. Copyright 2018 History Fangirl Destroy their docks 4. Like Severus before him, Constantine began to punish the city for siding with his defeated rival, but soon he too realized the advantages of Byzantium's location. Your email address will not be published. There are several ways to demand tribute from them: 1. Your name and responses will be shared with TED Ed. The Walls of Constantinople surrounded the Roman and Byzantine city of Constantinople (today Istanbul in Turkey). The Palaiologos dynasty (1261-1453) restored some churches and palaces and built or enlarged others (e.g. [2:21] How Patrick became interested in two major strains in the history of world events. 377 in Spain. Many attempts had been made but none successful. Two related projects were the construction of the Aetius Cistern, close to the new walls, and improved Sea Walls (439). Constantine built the city of Constantinople, obviously naming it after himself and the capital of the Roman empire was moved. Surviving numerous fire attacks, the walls were eventually brought down by more modern tools of warfare, but, thankfully, classical culture survived. The twin fortresses of Rumelihisari and Anadoluhisarı were completed on either side of the Bosporus just miles north of Constantinople. 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