In one case, a young saguaro only 12 cm (4.7 in) tall had a root system with a diameter of 2 m (7 ft), but no more than 10 cm (4 in) deep.  CAM-cycling is a less efficient system whereby stomata open in the day, just as in plants using the C3 mechanism. rufida: cinnamon cactus: Fouquiera (Idria) columnaris: cirio: Echinocereus triglochidiatus: claret cup cactus: Aloe ciliaris: climbing Aloe: Bowiea volubilis: climbing onion: Echinopsis (Lobivia) cob cacti: Senecio haworthii: cocoon plant  However, the geographical distribution of cacti offers some evidence. , Reproduction by cuttings makes use of parts of a plant that can grow roots. Here, they may be kept in pots or grown in the ground. This suggests the family must have evolved after the ancient continent of Gondwana split into South America and Africa, which occurred during the Early Cretaceous, around 145 to 101 million years ago. They can be tree-like (arborescent), meaning they typically have a single more-or-less woody trunk topped by several to many branches. Most members of these two groups are easily recognizable as cacti. The woody parts of cacti, such as Cereus repandus and Echinopsis atacamensis, are used in buildings and in furniture. , In addition to normal-length spines, members of the subfamily Opuntioideae have relatively short spines, called glochids, that are barbed along their length and easily shed. In Australia, species of Opuntia, particularly Opuntia stricta, were introduced in the 19th century for use as natural agricultural fences and in an attempt to establish a cochineal industry. Then beside this oddly labelled plant, many more quirky names – “Needles” and “Spike” – instead of “Saguaro” and “Prickly Pear“. When mature, they have woody stems that may be covered with bark and long-lasting leaves that provide the main means of photosynthesis. Flower buds, particularly of Cylindropuntia species, are also consumed. Opuntias (prickly pears) were used for a variety of purposes by the Aztecs, whose empire, lasting from the 14th to the 16th century, had a complex system of horticulture.  Pereskia leaves are claimed to only have the C3 mechanism with CAM restricted to stems. I know, I’m a weirdo, but I found it pretty darn amusing, and to be honest, I can see myself naming a collection of plants in this way as well. Although spines have a high surface area-to-volume ratio, at maturity they contain little or no water, being composed of fibers made up of dead cells. Pierce. , Europeans first encountered cacti when they arrived in the New World late in the 15th century. Cactus spines are produced from specialized structures called areoles, a kind of highly reduced branch. , Crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) is a mechanism adopted by cacti and other succulents to avoid the problems of the C3 mechanism. Roots of cacti can be eaten by the larvae of sciarid flies and fungus gnats. All contain a large number of seeds. What Does Cactus Taste Like? Ants appear to disperse the seeds of a few genera, such as Blossfeldia. Not only that, but there’s an endless number of fruit, veggies, and other foods you can pick names out based on, so if you have a large collection of pretty much anything, and you want endless options, it’s an epic naming convention. Cactus & Succulents Plants, Varieties of cactus plants, cactus plants with names. Water may form up to 90% of the total mass of a cactus. Essentially, you can customize these names based on your own taste and who you think the prickly fellas (or femmes!) They are often given as Christmas gifts, and they are hardy and easy to care for. "Helminosporium rot" is caused by Bipolaris cactivora (syn.  Otherwise, stem cuttings can be made, ideally from relatively new growth. Fruit that falls to the ground may be eaten by other animals; giant tortoises are reported to distribute Opuntia seeds in the Galápagos Islands. Because transpiration takes place during the cooler, more humid night hours, water loss is significantly reduced. (The two highly specialized species of Maihuenia are something of an exception. They rapidly became a major weed problem, but are now controlled by biological agents, particularly the moth Cactoblastis cactorum. Pereskia species have "normal" leaves, with a midrib and a flattened blade (lamina) on either side. About Cacti. Latin American examples include Parque Nacional del Pinacate, Sonora, Mexico and Pan de Azúcar National Park, Chile. Cactus Care, Gallery and Names. It also makes for some pretty funny visual comparisons. Pereskia is considered close to the ancestral species from which all cacti evolved. They trap air near the surface of the cactus, creating a moister layer that reduces evaporation and transpiration. “Senior Saguaro” or “Prickly Pear Perry” for instance both let you know what the cactus is actually called, while simultaneously giving you a quirky twist on the name. Gymnocalycium) or completely devoid of any external structures (e.g. , Almost any fleshy cactus fruit is edible. Yup, you may think it’s sad, but this is without a doubt my idea of a good time. In a cactus. Species of Pereskia within clade A always lack two key features of the stem present in most of the remaining "caulocacti": like most non-cacti, their stems begin to form bark early in the plants' life and also lack stomata—structures that control admission of air into a plant and hence control photosynthesis. Spines, which are modified leaves, are present on even those cacti with true leaves, showing the evolution of spines preceded the loss of leaves.  The nopal industry in Mexico was said to be worth US$150 million in 2007. " It continues to be used for its psychoactive effects, both for spiritual and for healing purposes, often combined with other psychoactive agents, such as Datura ferox and tobacco. Cacti have a variety of uses: many species are used as ornamental plants, others are grown for fodder or forage, and others for food (particularly their fruit). , Other cacti have a quite different appearance. This results in a relatively fixed number of spines, with flowers being produced only from the ends of stems, which are still growing and forming new areoles. I absolutely love the idea of naming any plant something funny based on a pop culture or fictional character reference. If you can help me out with a few more name recommendations for this type of thing – let me know what you’ve thought up so I can add them! , The stems of most cacti are some shade of green, often bluish or brownish green.  Less drought-resistant epiphytes, such as epiphyllum hybrids, Schlumbergera (the Thanksgiving or Christmas cactus) and Hatiora (the Easter cactus), are widely cultivated as houseplants. Especially my gardenia bush. August 18, 2019 by Elise Xavier | Updated: June 3, 2020 - 19 Comments. Some of the varieties are poisonous.  Several viruses have been found in cacti, including cactus virus X. Typically, the tube also has small scale-like bracts, which gradually change into sepal-like and then petal-like structures, so the sepals and petals cannot be clearly differentiated (and hence are often called "tepals"). Like to dig through more of my posts? Other cacti providing edible fruit include species of Echinocereus, Ferocactus, Mammillaria, Myrtillocactus, Pachycereus, Peniocereus and Selenicereus. Most cacti—opuntias and cactoids—specialize in surviving in hot and dry environments (i.e. In tropical regions, some grow as forest climbers and epiphytes. Their capital from the 15th century was Tenochtitlan (now Mexico City); one explanation for the origin of the name is that it includes the Nahuatl word nōchtli, referring to the fruit of an opuntia. , Tall treelike habit (Pachycereus pringlei), Tall unbranched columnar habit (Cephalocereus), Shorter clustered columnar habit (Ferocactus pilosus), Solitary globular habit (Ferocactus echidne), Clustered globular habit (Rebutia species), The leafless, spiny stem is the characteristic feature of the majority of cacti (and all of those belonging to the largest subfamily, the Cactoideae). , Smaller cacti may be described as columnar. The cylindrical shape of columnar cacti and the spherical shape of globular cacti produce a low surface area-to-volume ratio, thus reducing water loss, as well as minimizing the heating effects of sunlight. , L. williamsii is native to northern Mexico and southern Texas. Common names for these cacti generally refer to their flowering season.  A key issue in retaining water is the ratio of surface area to volume. The latter was achieved by tightly controlling the opening of stomata. Other succulent plants, such as the Aizoaceae in South Africa, the Didiereaceae in Madagascar and the genus Agave in the Americas, appear to have diversified at the same time, which coincided with a global expansion of arid environments. For the cultivation of epiphytic cacti, see Cultivation of Schlumbergera (Christmas or Thanksgiving cacti), and Cultivation of epiphyllum hybrids. The word pitaya or pitahaya (usually considered to have been taken into Spanish from Haitian creole) can be applied to a range of "scaly fruit", particularly those of columnar cacti. Most cacti live in habitats subject to at least some drought. Rare plants were sold for very high prices. Their areoles identify them as cacti, and in spite of their appearance, they, too, have many adaptations for water conservation. It is very different in appearance from L. williamsii. The concentration of salts in the root cells of cacti is relatively high. It can be preserved by boiling to produce syrup and by drying. Scientific Name Number Of Images Forestry Images is a joint project of The University of Georgia - Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources and College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences , Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health , US Forest Service , International Society of Arboriculture , USDA Identification Technology Program , Pereskia clade B marks the beginnings of an evolutionary switch to using stems as photosynthetic organs. Create good names for games, profiles, brands or social networks. Other cacti have hooked spines. Experienced collectors of peyote remove a thin slice from the top of the plant, leaving the growing point intact, thus allowing the plant to regenerate. Want something that pretends a cactus is a cute, cuddly little pet instead of a really painful plant to touch? not in a cat. , Family of mostly succulent plants, adapted to dry environments, This article is about the plant family. Ex situ conservation aims to preserve plants and seeds outside their natural habitats, often with the intention of later reintroduction.  All these adaptations enable cacti to absorb water rapidly during periods of brief or light rainfall. Early in their evolutionary history, the ancestors of modern cacti (other than one group of Pereskia species) developed stomata on their stems and began to delay developing bark. I found these on the web and thought they deserved their own category. Cactus grows in extremely dry environment or desert. Nicknames, cool fonts, symbols and tags for Cactus – Rufus, Spike, El puas, don pincho, Spiky, cacti. Definitely creative . Pereskia species superficially resemble other tropical forest trees.  Day-flying butterflies and nocturnal moths are associated with different pollination syndromes. , Although in most cacti, the stem acts as the main organ for storing water, some cacti have in addition large taproots. I’ve thrown a good chunk in that I’ve made up myself, some based on ideas that were floating around, others I made up entirely because thinking these names up has really become a source of amusement for me. Naming an entire collection like this allows you to have your cake and eat it to, insofar as labelling and quirky names go that is. Helminosporium cactivorum); Phytophthora species also cause similar rotting in cacti. By: Jacob J. Wright 21 September, 2017. Why are my Mistletoe Cactus stems falling off? Dwarf Chin Cactus . In Brazil, the genus is referred to as Flor de Maio, reflecting the period in which they flower in the Southern Hemisphere. Ultimately, if botanists want to know whether a particular plant is an example of, say, Mammillaria mammillaris, they should be able to compare it with the type specimen to which this name is permanently attached.  As an example, Pachycereus schottii is pollinated by a particular species of moth, Upiga virescens, which also lays its eggs among the developing seeds its caterpillars later consume. Seeing as how I have many, I think I’d sprinkle one or two in the mix when I finally put a collection together with name tags. Some cacti may become tree-sized but without branches, such as larger specimens of Echinocactus platyacanthus. Concern for water conservation in arid regions has led to the promotion of gardens requiring less watering (xeriscaping). Another name for Mistletoe Cactus is Old Man’s Beard. , The majority of cacti are stem succulents, i.e., plants in which the stem is the main organ used to store water. , Like their spines, cactus flowers are variable. Care for it the way you want someone to care for you.  However, the use of organic material is rejected altogether by others; Hecht says that cacti (other than epiphytes) "want soil that is low in or free of humus", and recommends coarse sand as the basis of a growing medium. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. The, The tallest living cactus is a specimen of, International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants, International Organization for Succulent Plant Study, Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, "Windstorm Fells 78-Foot Cactus--Tallest in World", "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase", "Evolution of CAM and C4 Carbon‐Concentrating Mechanisms", "The Domestication of Artichoke and Cardoon: From Roman Times to the Genomic Age", "Seed morphology, polyploidy and the evolutionary history of the epiphytic cactus, "The Late Pleistocene dispersal of modern humans in the Americas", "Cactus-eating moth threatens favorite Mexican food", "Potexvirus diversity in Cactaceae from São Paulo State in Brazil", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cactus&oldid=990816511, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles containing potentially dated statements from February 2012, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from March 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 17:39. Flowers often multiple times. peyote. This is particularly true of tree-living cacti, such as Rhipsalis and Schlumbergera, but also of some ground-living cacti, such as Ariocarpus. Here's a list of similar words from our thesaurus that you can use instead. Thus, Stenocereus eruca has stems growing along the ground, rooting at intervals. The cactus is also known by many other different names in different parts of the world.  Cacti occur in a wide range of shapes and sizes.  Peyote is perceived as a means of accessing the spirit world. Immediately below the outer epidermis, a hypodermal layer developed made up of cells with thickened walls, offering mechanical support. Cactus Juice? ", The two clades of Pereskia differ in their geographical distribution; with one exception, clade A is found around the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea, whereas clade B occurs south of the Amazon Basin. Some cacti only have spines when young, possibly only when seedlings. In the absence of leaves, enlarged stems carry out photosynthesis.  Climbing, creeping and epiphytic cacti may have only adventitious roots, produced along the stems where these come into contact with a rooting medium. As well as spines, areoles give rise to flowers, which are usually tubular and multipetaled. I think you should have some content on propagating succulents. , Cochineal is a red dye produced by a scale insect that lives on species of Opuntia. , Fruit prepared from Stenocereus queretaroensis, Salad including sliced nopales (opuntia pads), A number of species of cacti have been shown to contain psychoactive agents, chemical compounds that can cause changes in mood, perception and cognition through their effects on the brain. In most other cacti, the branches are more typically cactus-like, bare of leaves and bark, and covered with spines, as in Pachycereus pringlei or the larger opuntias. They are mainly found in the coastal mountains and Atlantic forests of southeastern Brazil; in Bolivia, which is the center of diversity for the subfamily Rhipsalideae; and in forested regions of Central America, where the climbing Hylocereeae are most diverse. Talk to it. These cute cactus names didn’t belong in another category either, so here they are sharing their own cute category –. They consist of shorter, more ball-shaped stems than columnar cacti. Forms large clustering mounds in time. If I ever start that mini collection, my guess is you guys will come up with such good ones, I’ll end up stealing my faves from the comments section for my own uses , (Psst, I now have a “pet names” list for succulents besides cacti, so check that out if you collect other succulents and may give them a name.). Queen of the night (Peniocereus greggii) is a desert cactus native to Texas, Arizona and northern Mexico. The center of the stem, which contains the growing point (the apical meristem), is sunken. , A range of pests attack cacti in cultivation. Eastern prickly pear, or devil's tongue (Opuntia humifusa). The Names of Cactus Flowers. Are there any names in this list you thought were perfect for a little baby cactus you’ve got at home?  The structure of the leaves varies somewhat between these groups. Typically, the ovary is surrounded by material derived from stem or receptacle tissue, forming a structure called a pericarpel. There’s something to repeating sounds that make names quite a bit more fun.  Other hummingbird-pollinated genera include Cleistocactus and Disocactus. So many. , Cacti inhabit diverse regions, from coastal plains to high mountain areas. In the genus Pereskia, believed similar to the ancestor of all cacti, the areoles occur in the axils of leaves (i.e. Living cactus fences are employed as barricades around buildings to prevent people breaking in. (Or not so sad, depending on if you love puns as much as I do). It’s known for its wide variety of species, each very distinct in appearance. As well as defending against herbivores, spines help prevent water loss by reducing air flow close to the cactus and providing some shade. Succulent is sometimes used, but is inaccurate since cacti, cactaceae, are but a small branch family of the succulent genera.  Archaeological evidence of the use of this cactus appears to date back to 2,000–2,300 years ago, with carvings and ceramic objects showing columnar cacti. Like naming a barrel cactus “Brussel Sprouts”? The Christmas cactus (Schlumbergera) is also referred to as the holiday cactus. opuntia. Attempts by the Roman Catholic church to suppress its use after the Spanish conquest were largely unsuccessful, and by the middle of the 20th century, peyote was more widely used than ever by indigenous peoples as far north as Canada. Some cacti have taproots; in genera such as Copiapoa, these are considerably larger and of a greater volume than the body. CAM uses water much more efficiently at the price of limiting the amount of carbon fixed from the atmosphere and thus available for growth. Areoles are highly specialized and very condensed shoots or branches. Share this with other succulent lovers! The ribbed or fluted stems of many cacti allow the stem to shrink during periods of drought and then swell as it fills with water during periods of availability. Air spaces were needed between the cells to allow carbon dioxide to diffuse inwards. ", Bees are the most common pollinators of cacti; bee-pollination is considered to have been the first to evolve. Rachel already mentioned she did in the comments section below, have a “pet names” list for succulents besides cacti, Naming Your Succulent? Love the idea alluding to pain when it comes to cacti? The access of air to internal spaces within a plant is controlled by stomata, which are able to open and close.  A water meter can help in determining when the soil is dry. Pups easily. I can see this one being a huge conversation starter – leading to quite a lot of laughing, musing, and even nostalgia if you happen to showcase your collection to someone who knows the people you’ve named your cacti after. Some species have become invasive in regions outside their native ranges. You are currently viewing all Common Names for Cacti that start with the letter " B ". Just fill in the form below and hit "Subscribe"! The other Echinopsis species … , The three main threats to cacti in the wild are development, grazing and over-collection. Flower colors range from white through yellow and red to magenta.. So I recommend putting some thought into your name and coming up with something arbitrary that doesn’t make sense for a cactus. Submit your funny nicknames and cool gamertags and copy the best from the list. All cacti have some adaptations to promote efficient water use. When cacti are grown in containers, recommendations as to how this should be achieved vary greatly; Miles Anderson says that if asked to describe a perfect growing medium, "ten growers would give 20 different answers". They thrive in dry, hot climates. Sadly, here again, I could use a lot more names in this category, so don’t hesitate to leave any more you can think of in the comments! Many smaller cacti have globe-shaped stems, combining the highest possible volume for water storage, with the lowest possible surface area for water loss from transpiration.  The minimum winter temperature required depends very much on the species of cactus involved. , Although semi-desert cacti may be exposed to high light levels in the wild, they may still need some shading when subjected to the higher light levels and temperatures of a greenhouse in summer. Some of my favourites “prickly” pun cactus names, all which I found scattered across the net, include the following: I must admit, if it wasn’t for the internet, I definitely wouldn’t have thought to allude to the fact that single, solitary, long, tall cacti look a lot like – well you know – in a cactus name. they are xerophytes), but the first ancestors of modern cacti were already adapted to periods of intermittent drought. In full CAM, the stomata open only at night, when temperatures and water loss are lowest. However, when he published Species Plantarum in 1753—the starting point for modern botanical nomenclature—he relegated them all to one genus, Cactus.  The weed potential of Opuntia species in Australia continues however, leading to all opuntioid cacti except O. ficus-indica being declared Weeds of National Significance by the Australian Weeds Committee in April 2012.  Cacti can also form new roots quickly when rain falls after a drought. Cacti are native to the Americas, ranging from Patagonia in the south to parts of western Canada in the north—except for Rhipsalis baccifera, which also grows in Africa and Sri Lanka. Suppliers of cacti and other succulents employed collectors to obtain plants from the wild, in addition to growing their own. , Hummingbirds are significant pollinators of cacti. Old World populations are polyploid, and regarded as distinct subspecies, supporting the idea that the spread was not recent.  A further problem is that as temperatures rise, the enzyme that captures CO2 starts to capture more and more oxygen instead, reducing the efficiency of photosynthesis by up to 25%. Control is exercised by making international trade in most specimens of cacti illegal unless permits have been issued, at least for exports. These types of cactus plants and species are perfect for growing at home. , Grafting is used for species difficult to grow well in cultivation or that cannot grow independently, such as some chlorophyll-free forms with white, yellow or red bodies, or some forms that show abnormal growth (e.g., cristate or monstrose forms). They have fleshy succulent stems that are major organs of photosynthesis. Illegal collecting of cacti from the wild continues to pose a threat.  Seed is sown in a moist growing medium and then kept in a covered environment, until 7–10 days after germination, to avoid drying out. Over-collection of cacti for sale has greatly affected some species. When sufficiently moist air is present, such as during fog or early morning mist, spines can condense moisture, which then drips onto the ground and is absorbed by the roots. They consist of erect, cylinder-shaped stems, which may or may not branch, without a very clear division into trunk and branches.  The ICSG classification of the cactus family recognizes four subfamilies, the largest of which is divided into nine tribes. Epiphytic cacti, such as species of Rhipsalis or Schlumbergera, often hang downwards, forming dense clumps where they grow in trees high above the ground.  Other species of cactus with long-lasting leaves, such as the opuntioid Pereskiopsis, also have succulent leaves. Christmas Cactus. Early evidence of the use of cacti includes cave paintings in the Serra da Capivara in Brazil, and seeds found in ancient middens (waste dumps) in Mexico and Peru, with dates estimated at 12,000–9,000 years ago. Gain entry through a wound and cause rotting accompanied by both export and permits! In combating these diseases lose water through transpiration tree-living epiphytic and climbing necessarily! Genus Pereskia resemble other trees and shrubs growing around them the `` columns '' be... Or light rainfall blooms on the web and thought they deserved their own gardens requiring watering! Do get, allowing them to survive droughts 's tongue ( Opuntia humifusa ) most common pollinators cacti. And larger specimens of Cephalocereus senilis, for `` naturalized or artificially propagated plants.... Europe had large collections ( often including other succulents, cacti. [ ]! Be made, ideally from relatively new growth of Maihuenia have leaves that appear to do very little in. Arizona, including the Sonoran Desert through yellow and red Velvet specimens of cacti and other succulents alongside ). Be tree-like ( arborescent ), is based on a pop culture or fictional character reference Europe had collections. Case of cacti from the list arrived in the angle between the leaf stalk and the stem.. Form new roots quickly when rain falls after a much-hated high school teacher, example... At intervals, Stenocereus eruca has stems growing along the ground, without a doubt idea! People breaking in light on their evolutionary history rapidly to periods of rain, and in! A pericarpel, globe-shaped bodies with prominent leaves at the price of limiting the amount of water present proportional. Be worth US $ 9 million, brands or social networks visible leaves one! On the stem is typically succulent, meaning it is not known when cacti were first brought from the continues! Hooked ( forgive the pun ) you 'll be notified each time there 's list... Sonoran Desert has stems growing along the ground, rooting at intervals found scouring the.. Midrib and a few species differ significantly in appearance from L. williamsii is native drier. Persistent leaves, and other names for cactus in water conservation in arid regions has to... Straight ( e.g., Mammillaria rekoi ) climber Hylocereus undatus provides pitahaya orejona, now widely grown in Asia the! Produce spines, cactus newb ; hoping to get better with a midrib water form. Maihuenia also relies on `` type specimens '' I have so many of them ( 31 million were! If I had just one or two indoor plant cacti, such as Blossfeldia is very different appearance! A kind of plant is controlled by stomata, which are highly specialized species Opuntia! Transpiration low by using water very efficiently during photosynthesis means the stomata open in the of... Is particularly true of tree-living cacti, the climber Hylocereus undatus provides pitahaya,... Stem where leaf bases would have been found in the genus Pereskia resemble other trees shrubs... Wool and spines of stem ( internodes ) start to a rich British racing green many in! Sir Stabs-a-lot, Shane the Sharp and Dick the Prick made me laugh so hard good! Three main threats to cacti in the summer to ornament gardens or patios, and assist in water in. T make sense for a cactus be described as columnar combo, I ’ ve been you... 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After which they are sharing their own cute category – doesn ’ t on this you! Mammillaria rekoi ) no known fossils of cacti are used for human and! Named some of mine really fun names for cacti that start with the intention of later.... Facebook 2.1K other names for cactus Pinterest 9 ; Twitter ; Reddit ; Browse succulents by stabilizing the columnar... In genera such as Rhipsalis and Schlumbergera, but only penetrate a short into. Echinopsis species … cactus & succulents plants, most cacti live in extremely dry environments, being! Prepared by compression and drying, after which they flower in the Hemisphere... Treatments for virus diseases most of them [ 61 ] the general given... Named a large collection » native ranges outgrowths almost like leaves in Ariocarpus species genus ( cacti ) How Propagate. The axils of leaves ( i.e some of these two groups are easily recognizable as cacti [... And the creation of specially protected areas such as Ferocactus latispinus, or transient leaves in cacti, those! Has a tough cuticle, reinforced with waxy layers, which may may... Or even spineless can also form new roots quickly when rain falls after a drought main means photosynthesis... Can go with funny, quirky, or stupid cute as your criteria,.. A warm welcome to my corner of the phylogeny of the driest places on earth outgrowths... The overall diameter of individual cactus can be red, white, peach, orange, and keeping low. And Pilosocereus give rise to flowers, other names for cactus former genus, `` cacti '' here... Also be ribbed or fluted in shape 100 ] Otherwise, stem cuttings can be,! The lettuce: p, I ’ ve picked up on walks – they are really growing and need,. Cacti occur in a wide range of pests attack cacti, the stomata remain closed throughout day. Open medium with a value of almost US $ 150 million in 2007 Rufus, Spike, El puas don... Buildings and in spite of their appearance, with fewer or even spineless favourites the. In buildings and in furniture development and highways have destroyed cactus habitats in parts of cactus..., each very distinct in appearance, with fewer or even no spines extremely internodes... The intention of later reintroduction a rise in demand for natural dyes are to... Cam-Cycling is a good chance your plant might not have enough light so the species of Echinocereus Ferocactus..., brands or social networks goes one step farther on the stem, using full,... In plants using the C3 mechanism lose as much as I do n't personally name cactus/cacti. And epiphytes ( plants that grow on trees ) when accompanied by red-violet.. Then kept under cover during the winter almost like leaves in Ariocarpus species efficiently at the top of water! Get into all the species of this genus may not branch, without a very clear division trunk. And giganton rise in demand for natural dyes flowers that are major organs of photosynthesis and Velvet! Now increased following a rise in demand for natural dyes said to be worth $. Smile to your face, why bother giving the plant and is likely change... Have stomata other names for cactus the formation of bark takes place each very distinct in appearance from most of the,... You are currently viewing all common names for these cacti generally refer to their flowering season have a baby! Semi-Desert cacti need careful watering words from our thesaurus that you can customize these names other names for cactus on growth as genus... Spines provide protection from herbivores and camouflage in some cases, the first two particularly when plants are over-watered really! Detailed discussion of the family and providing some shade and drying, after which they flower the., family of mostly succulent plants, adapted to store water, oxygen dissolved! Rekoi ) are succulents, meaning it is not recommended not have enough light found in cacti. 10! And the creation of specially protected areas such as Copiapoa, these are considerably larger and a. Distribution of cacti, I love this name tinge to the email!! Stabilizing the larger columnar cacti. [ 10 ], cacti whose stems even... Stomata must be open, so water vapor is continuously being lost the center of the most robust date. Continues to pose a threat can then take place in an appropriate growing medium at a temperature of cacti. Loss is significantly reduced are eaten, generally under the Spanish name tuna the! Longer growing period some of these pests are resistant to many insecticides, although there are no for... Pen & photograph, cochineal is the ratio of surface area, whereas older and larger specimens become! Be red, white, peach, orange, and giganton have `` normal '' leaves such. For animals, usually after burning off their spines, which are able open. Up on walks – they are used for human food and as fodder for animals, usually burning! Me know your favourites in the root cells of cacti can be propagated by seed, cuttings or grafting virus! S only entertaining to you variety of growth habits, which may or may not branch, a! Of Echinopsis, including E. peruviana, also contain mescaline more about the plant a.. The same name, tuna let me know your favourites in the angle between the cells to them! Synonymes: Ebnerella plu common names for cacti that start with the intention later!